R E S O R T     H I S T O R Y

Geographical location

Jabenița Salt Baths ("Görgénysóakna" until 1938) is a health resort with ancient traditions founded around 1800 (in the same time with Sovata Spa), highly valued due to the existing water and high-quality mud. At 6-km east of Reghin, Jabenita is the first village, situated on the approximately 1,5-km breadth valley of Gurghiu River, a tributary of Mures River. In the north, east and south, hills and mountains surround the village. From a geological point of view, the fundamental rock is the salt anticline, which can even be found near the surface. This fact explains the high NaCl concentration in the lake and fountain water from Jabenita.

The village is situated on the right side of the river, on a terrace affected by land sliding. In the north extremity had existed lakes and swamps of different size. The lake no.4 or "the lake made of swamps" is the biggest and it is formed in a Roman salt mine. Following this road towards the village, at about 400 meters, one can find the Lake from the Baths. It is rectangular, almost parallel to the road, at about 30 meters distance from it and at 5 meters level difference. The lake is 31 meters length, 32 meters breadth, 14 meters deep and about 1000 square meters. The access road is asphalted. At 50 meters from the lake flows Gurghiu River, rich in trout, an ideal place for fishing.

The lake is a real attraction for both the tourists and the nearby inhabitants. The modernization of the lake made it more accessible either for resting or for curing diseases, such as: chronic rheumatism, gout, arthritis, neuralgia, sciatica, rickets, scrofula, and female diseases.

Morphological aspect: Jabenita village is situated longitudinally among Piculeu hills (525 meters) at north- west, Sinioara hill (754,8 meters) at north- north- east, Orsova hill at south- east, and Mociar hills at south. The village is situated in the major riverbed on the right of Gurghiu River, with a medium height of 398 meters. The natives who had participated to the arrangement of the lake in order to make a swimming pool said that the lake was 70 meters deep. This depth seems to have been diminished during the war because of the residues thrown into the lake. The wooden bottom filled with water, silt and residues deepened.

The lake had formed into an open salt mine worked by the Romans. Even though vertically the formations are compound of gravel, grey sedimentary salt rocks, and salt, the upper level of the lake consists in the previous mentioned rocks, as the gravel and rock layer (along the lake's length) with 1,091- 5,207 meters breadth had been removed when opening the salt mine. The land at the west and south of the lake is well leveled and extended. It has 25500 square meters with extension possibilities towards east with another 24000 square meters. It has the aspect of a park, slightly shaded by oaks, firtrees, chestnut trees, and acacias.